Strane combinazioni della Natura: come ci è finito un onzuka nel vaso di un vecchio Thelocactus?

Quando si coltivano molte piante in uno spazio relativamente ristretto come può essere quello offerto da una serra (per quanto capiente), può capitare spesso di scoprire gradite soprese nei vasi. I cactus i cui fiori sono stati impollinati naturalmente dagli insetti o i cactus autofertili, in grado di fare tutto da soli, producono frutti, che una volta secchi si spaccano lasciando cadere i semi direttamente sul terriccio alla base della pianta. E’ così che ci si può trovare con esemplari di una certa età contornati da semenzali o piantine di piccole dimensioni, in una sorta di riproposizione “in vaso” di ciò che avviene comunemente in natura. A dispetto di quello che si potrebbe pensare osservando le precise procedure necessarie per la riproduzione dei cactus, la semina spontanea è un fenomeno comune nelle cactacee e talvolta è in grado di regalare vere e proprie soprese, come è capitato a me in questi giorni.

Ecco, nell’articolo che segue, un piccolo resoconto. (…)

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Come si puliscono i frutti dei cactus per ottenere i semi e riprodurre le nostre piante

Riprodurre i cactus partendo dai semi è uno dei migliori modi per conoscere a fondo queste piante. Attraverso la semina possiamo infatti osservare tutto il ciclo di vita della pianta, dalla nascita alla produzione del primo fiore, all’invecchiamento, alla morte. Senza scordare la grande soddisfazione che la nascita delle plantule è in grado di offrire a chi pratica la semina per la prima volta così come a chi la pratica ogni anno da decenni. Per non dire del primo fiore: arrivare a vedere che quella pianta che abbiamo fatto nascere da un piccolo seme, dopo due anni o dopo vent’anni a seconda della specie, apre finalmente il suo fiore… non ha prezzo, c’è poco da fare.

Ma prima di arrivare a tutto questo – riguardo alla procedura di semina ricordate che in questo sito è presente un’intera sezione con almeno una quindicina di articoli dedicati a questo argomento, a questo link – occorre procurarsi i semi. Banale, scontato. Ma senza quelli non si va da nessuna parte. E due sono i modi per procurarsi i semi: acquistarli da rivenditori specializzati (ormai quasi esclusivamente online) oppure produrli con l’impollinazione manuale di proprie piante. Oppure… semplicemente raccogliere i frutti che le nostre piante hanno prodotto grazie a qualche insetto impollinatore, accettare il fatto che potrebbero essere state impollinate due piante non di identica specie (e che quindi avremo a che fare con dei nascituri ibridi), pulire i frutti, conservarli e seminarli alla volta della primavera.

In questo articolo e nel video correlato vediamo come pulire e preparare i semi per la conservazione in vista della futura semina. Ricordiamo sempre che i semi vanno conservati correttamente, pena il deterioramento degli stessi e il conseguente drastico calo di germinabilità. (…)

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La semina di cactus e succulente: cosa fare quando le prime piante sono nate

Bene, tra una goccia e l’altra di condensa all’interno del sacchetto riusciamo a scorgere qualche pallina verde. I semi hanno dato vita alle prime piantine, ai cosiddetti semenzali. E adesso? Come si procede con la semina di cactus e piante succulente dopo le prime germinazioni? Si aprono subito i sacchetti? Si tengono le plantule in piena luce? Si annaffiano regolarmente o si lascia asciugare il terriccio? Possiamo fertilizzare?

Vediamo, in questo articolo, cosa fare una volta avvenuta la germinazione dei semi di cactus e piante grasse, in altre parole come muoverci correttamente per aiutare le piante a crescere ed evitare di rendere vano il lavoro fatto con la semina.

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Come seminare i cactus: il metodo della lastra di vetro e la procedura descritta in ogni sua fase

La semina dei cactus a luce e calore naturale si può effettuare quando le temperature minime si assestano sui dieci gradi. In genere, al Nord Italia, le condizioni ottimali si hanno nei mesi di aprile e maggio. Importanti sono anche le temperature massime, che non devono superare i 25 gradi, pena il blocco della germinazione dei semi.

In questo articolo vediamo una procedura di semina diversa da quella tradizionale, ossia quella effettuata chiudendo i vasi con i semi in sacchetti trasparenti, e che consiste nel coprire le cassette con una lastra di vetro.

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Impollinare i cactus e ottenere semi dalle nostre piante: ecco come fare

E’ una delle tante cose più facili a farsi che a dirsi. Sì, perché se anche può sembrare una pratica per veri appassionati e consumati esperti, in realtà l’impollinazione è alla portata di chiunque e non richiede particolare competenze. L’unica vera difficoltà, al massimo, consiste nel conoscere quali specie possono essere incrociate tra di loro, ma se restiamo su piante dello stesso genere si tratta semplicemente di avere un po’ di manualità e di pazienza.

In questo video vediamo come impollinare i cactus per ottenere frutti dai quali ricavare i semi e riprodurre così le nostre piante.

Leggi tutto “Impollinare i cactus e ottenere semi dalle nostre piante: ecco come fare”

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